GeoDirectory Commercial Buildings Report 2023

National Commercial Vacancy Rate increases to 14.1% in Q2 2023 

GeoDirectory report finds commercial vacancy rates increased in 20 counties in the twelve months to June 2023 

GeoDirectory Commercial Buildings Report Q2 2023 

  • The national commercial vacancy rate increased by 0.2 percentage points (pp) to 14.1% in the twelve months to Q2 2023, the highest level on record since 2013 

  • In total, there were 29,798 vacant commercial units recorded across Ireland in Q2 2023, a rise of 557 when compared with the previous year 

  • The analysis shows that there remains a wide disparity in vacancy rates across the country, with Connacht’s vacancy rate at 17.9% as of Q2 2023 versus Leinster’s (including Dublin) rate of 13.0% 

  • At 19.9%, Sligo was the county with the highest commercial vacancy rate, followed by Galway at 18% and Donegal at 17.9% 

  • The lowest commercial vacancy rates were recorded in Meath (10.2%), Wexford (10.6%) and Kerry (12.2%) 

  • Ballybofey, Co. Donegal, retained the top position as the town with the highest commercial vacancy rate in Ireland at 29.9% in Q2 2023  

7th September 2023 

The State’s commercial vacancy rate stood at 14.1% in June 2023, an increase of 0.2 percentage points (pp) when compared to the same period in 2022, according to the latest GeoDirectory Commercial Buildings Report published today. Despite the marginal increase, this marks the highest vacancy rate recorded since the inception of this report in 2013. 

The study, prepared by EY Ireland, found that commercial vacancy rates increased in 20 out of 26 counties in the twelve months to June 2023, with a total of 29,798 vacant commercial units recorded across Ireland. 

County Commercial Vacancy Rates 

The analysis shows that there remains a wide disparity in vacancy rates across the country, a trend observed in previous GeoDirectory Commercial Buildings reports. At 19.9%, Sligo was the county with the highest commercial vacancy rate, followed by Galway (18%), Donegal (17.9%), Mayo (17.3%) and Roscommon (16.9%).  The county with the lowest commercial vacancy rate was Meath at 10.2%, followed by Wexford at 10.6% and Kerry at 12.2%. 

Notably, Dublin recorded an increase of 0.5pp in the year to Q2 2023, with the commercial vacancy rate in the capital rising to 13.1%. This trend continued in the Greater Dublin Area where vacancy rates increased from 12.6% in Q2 2022 to 13.0% in Q2 2023. Galway recorded the largest increase in vacancy rates, increasing by 0.8pp from 17.2% in Q2 2022 to 18.0% in Q2 2023. 

All four provinces in Ireland reported an increase in overall vacancy rates, with Connacht having the highest rate at 17.9%, which is 3.8pp above the national average. Connacht also recorded the highest increase of the four provinces in the 12 months to Q2 2023, rising by 0.5pp. Ulster reported a vacancy rate of 15.7%, increasing 0.3pp from Q2 2022. Munster’s vacancy rate remained relatively the same, only increasing by 0.1pp to 13.9% in the 12 months to Q2 2023 Leinster excl. Dublin had the lowest vacancy rate amongst the four provinces (13.0%), increasing by 0.2pp from Q2 2022.   

Analysis of Commercial Vacancy Rates in Towns  

The GeoDirectory Commercial Buildings Report examined the commercial vacancy rates among a sample of 80 towns across the country in June 2023. The report found that Ballybofey, Co. Donegal, remained the town with the highest commercial vacancy rate in Ireland at 29.9%, registering a decrease of 0.2pp between Q2 2022 and Q2 2023.  

Shannon, Co. Clare and Edgeworthstown, Co. Longford, recorded the second and third highest commercial vacancy rates in the country at 29.4% and 29.2% respectively, followed by Boyle, Co. Roscommon (27.6%) and Sligo Town, Co. Sligo (25.4%). 

In the twelve months to June 2023, Greystones and Carrigaline switched positions in the ranking of lowest vacancy rate with Greystones, Co. Wicklow now having the lowest vacancy rate in the country at 6.8%, 0.9pp lower than Q2 2022. Carrigaline, Co. Cork had the second lowest vacancy rate at 7.5%, followed by Gorey, Co. Wexford at 9.3%. 

Commercial Address Points by Sector 

There were 180,809 occupied commercial address points in Q2 2023, representing a decline of 874 on the corresponding figure in Q2 2022. Of these, 86.1% were allocated to a specific sector The number of commercial units classified to an economic sector declined by 1,999 between Q2 2022 and Q2 2023. The Services sector was hit the hardest, suffering a decline of 876 units, followed by the Retail and Wholesale sector which suffered a decline of 603 units. 

The report highlights the continued importance of the Services sector to the economy. Although the Services sector had the largest absolute reduction in the number of commercial units since Q2 2022, it still held the highest share, accounting for 49.3% of the total commercial sites across the country. 

The analysis also found that within the Services sector, the Accommodation and Food Services sector accounted for 14.4% (22,481 units) of all commercial address points in Ireland in June 2023. Kerry, at 24.5%, was the county with the highest shares of Accommodation and Food services units followed by Clare (20.6%), Donegal (19.2%), Leitrim (18.8%), Mayo (17.8%) and Galway (17.8%). 

Despite the continued decline in Retail address points, Retail and Wholesale remained the second-largest sector in terms of occupied commercial premises with 34,481 commercial address points. 

Commenting on the findings of the report, Dara Keogh, Chief Executive of GeoDirectory said: “The latest GeoDirectory Commercial Buildings Report found the national commercial vacancy rate to be 14.1%, making this the highest level of commercial vacancy on record. Businesses are clearly still struggling with the increasing costs of doing business in regard to energy costs and food inflation. An additional challenge this year has been interest rate increases which are generating some pressures for commercial owner occupiers and tenants.” 

Annette Hughes, Director, EY Economic Advisory said:  

“After several years of strong construction activity in the commercial sector, the increases we are seeing in commercial vacancy are to an extent unsurprising, with trends such as working from home, sustainability and energy efficiency likely having some impact. While there have been increases in the cost of doing business for some companies, the overall Irish economy remains in a good position, with further growth and increases in the numbers employed forecast. " 



Download the full report below

For further information, please contact:  

Killian Keys, Wilson Hartnell,, 086-1024302 

Niamh O Connor, Wilson Hartnell,, 085-8542540 

Notes to Editor    

Dara Keogh, CEO of GeoDirectory is available for interview  

About GeoDirectory - Data Intelligence for Targeted Growth      

The GeoDirectory database is the most comprehensive address database of dwellings in the Republic of Ireland. A copy of the Residential Buildings Report is attached in PDF format and is available at     

Complete the following form to download the report:

Please tick this box to stay up to date with GeoDirectory. We use the information you provide to us to contact you about our relevant content, products, and services. You may unsubscribe from these communications at any time. For more information, check out our Privacy Policy